Starting from Via Manduria we meet the gate called PORTA MANFREDI (1) or porta San Basilio, also known as Porta Lecce because it is turned towards the south, in the direction of the center of Salento. The current gate is not the original one which was built in the year 1000, but it is the reconstruction ordered by the Marquis Michael III Imperial in the year 1727.
Going on we arrive in Corso Roma which is characterized by several craft shops, clothing boutiques and places for the nightlife in Oria. Here we meet the SEDILE(2), the structure of the late-Baroque, ancient seat of the administrators of the city, now a cultural center for exhibitions.
Continuing along Corso Roma we reachthe palace called PALAZZO MARTINI CARISSIMO (4), built in 1762 using a Baroque style, at the behest of the powerful Jesuit abbot Nicholas Carbone. Today it hosts the Archaeological Museum of Messapian civilization
Leaving Palazzo Martini, on the left we find the MUSEUM OF OIL AND TRADITIONS (5); while on the right, in Via Papatodero n. 37 a bizarre inscription on a lintel of a former of a building which was in the past a brothel cites: “PURCHE' NE GODAN GLI OCCHI ARDAN LE PIUME”(6), which means “What pleases the eyes burns the feathers”taken from the heroic poem IL FIDO AMANTE written by Curzio Gonzaga, an Italianpriest, a nobleman, diplomat and writer who lived around the year 1500.
Taking Corso Umberto I up to and Vicolo Umberto I, we find the CHURCH SAN GIOVANNI BATTISTA (8), ithas been deconsecrated and nowadays it is used an auditorium hosting an exhibition while Palio takes place. Close to the church there is a park named PARCO MONTALBANO (9), arranged in terraces, one part following the ypicalItalian garden style, the other side following the English style. It is a good place for pleasant and suggestive walks, as well as it is a great cultural center for meetings and exhibition performances in the summer.
Going down Via Renato Lombardi and continuing VicoloDuomo we arrive in Piazza Duomo in front of the imposing Cathedral CATTEDRALE DI MARIA SS.ASSUNTA IN CIELO(10), one of the most important and significant in city. It was designed by Giustino Lombardi, a famous architect from Naples, between 1750 and 1756. It is a baroque construction and it is located in the highest part of the hill of Vaglio. In the Cathedral you can visit the so-called CRYPT OF MUMMIES (10), created under the reign of King Ferdinand I of Naples, as place of prayer and remembrance for all those young people who did not return from the battle against Muhammad II. The crypt is a single room with a barrel vault, on the side walls there are 22 niches at eye level, inside them have been placed the mummies of those brothers who made an official request after a family approval.
The BISHOP'S PALACE (11) is located next to the basilica, both are connected by an internal passageway. The current building was built by the Archbishop of Oria Gian Carlo Bovio between 1564 and 1570; inside there are architectural elements of the ancient Messapianacropolis and of the ancient cathedral that occupied the previous basilica of the eighteenth-century.
Coming back and turning left into Via Castello we arrive to the SVABIAN CASTLE (12), imposing complex and having a undefined shape of a triangle with the base turned toward the south and the summit toward the north. The 88 meters south wall is covered, from the right to the left, with three towers: Squared Tower, Tower of the Knight, Torre of the Saint. The summit hoststhe Tower of Sperono.
Taking Corso Umberto I and passing through the characteristic square surrounded by restaurants and cafes and named called Piazza Lama, we arrive in Via Epitaffio 1, where we find the Town Hall and the PUBLIC LIBRARY (13) characterized by texts and documents dating back the sixteenth-century. The library also houses the Museum Francesco Militia with important findings including the Jewish funeral stele. Leaving the Town Hall and turning right into Via Tommasod'Oria, we can admire the impressive GATE OF THE JEWS (14), also called PortadellaMaddalena. Its name recalls the presence, between the IX and XI century of the a Jewish community in the district of Judea. It was built the first time around the year 1000, at the behest of the Eastern Emperor Basil II.Versione Italiana